Ethereum Beginner’s Guide (2021)

What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a leading cryptocurrency that uses blockchain technology to trade values ​​online similar to Bitcoin. The Ethereum blockchain also uses smart contracts to facilitate, verify and conduct negotiations. Proponents of this virtual currency believe that Ethereum will one day enable equal sports betting without power.

Whether that ever happens, this decentralized platform is one of the best cryptocurrencies for gamblers. In this article, we will introduce you to Ethereum – one of the most fascinating projects in the cryptosphere. It is often referred to as “primary altcoin” and aims to build global, decentralized trading and negotiation applications.Contents [show]

What is Altcoin?

Readers might wonder what altcoin is. Alcoin is any digital currency similar to Bitcoin, but which serves as an “alternative to Bitcoin”. It can be created from scratch – using virtual ether digging machines – or it can be created by diverging (or “branching”) the Bitcoin protocol.

Altcoins offer a different approach to crypto transactions than Bitcoin. Many are posed as improvements. Some provide better user privacy, such as Monero and Zcash. Others offer a faster and easier version of Bitcoin, such as Litecoin. Ethereum blockchain differs from all these altcoins because cryptocurrency is a smaller part of what it offers.

Here’s how the Ethereum website is defined:

“Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that work exactly as they are programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud, or third-party interference. These applications run on a custom blockchain, an immensely powerful shared global infrastructure that can move value and represent property ownership. “


History of Ethereum


In late 2008, when Bitcoin paper came out, it immediately garnered quite a few fans. One of these people was a Russian-Canadian miracle in the program.

Vitalik Buterin. Mr. Buterin was fascinated by the implications of blockchain technology. Bitcoin used blockchain technology to launch its transactions. However, Buterin thought he could do much more than that. He put forward certain proposals that would eventually become smart contracts. The development process, however, took years. To do that would require changing a lot of the Bitcoin source code, which the community didn’t like to do.

Eventually Buterin set out on his own and created his own project called “Ethereum”. In 2014, Ethereum’s crowdsale or ICO (initial coin offer) was held. The ICO raised about $ 18 million in 42 days. With such funding, the platform was launched on July 30, 2015.


Bitcoin vs Ethereum


So what are the fundamental differences between the two largest projects (according to market capitalization) in the crypto space? Bitcoin is a pure payment protocol. You can conduct transactions with Bitcoin. You can also trade Bitcoin – many investors buy and hold them as an investment.

You can do the same with Ethereum, but much more. Being a cryptocurrency is a very small part of what Ethereum offers. Ethereum wants to create a global, decentralized supercomputer, which will consist of nodes from around the world.

If the vision is maintained, it will create a platform where developers can hire resources from the system and build their own decentralized program (dApps). DApps ensures that any large corporation cannot misuse all data stored in dApp. At the heart of these dApps is a smart contract.

You need to understand how smart contracts work to gain a full understanding of Ethereum.


What are smart contracts?


Consider what a contract is. Then consider how it works in the traditional sense. A contract is a legally binding document of two parties supervised by a third party (usually a lawyer). A smart contract works in a similar way, except for one or two changes that change the game.

First, a smart contract is self-executing. Second, there is no need for a third party to monitor.

To give you the correct definition:

“A smart contract is a computer protocol intended for digital facilitation, verification or implementation of negotiations or execution of contracts. It allows two parties to communicate directly with each other, without going through a third party. “


Smart contract history


Computer scientist and lawyer Nick Szabo coined the term “smart contract” back in the 1990s in his seminal article “ Smart Contracts: Building Blocks for Digital Markets .” To understand the philosophy behind their work, let’s take the now famous Szabo automaton.

Here’s how you usually communicate with a vending machine:

You select the desired item.
Put the money in the machine.
The machine gives you an object.

Pretty direct, right? However, there are two things you need to notice throughout this interaction:

Each step cannot be performed until the previous step has been performed. For example, you can’t invest money until you choose what you want. Also, the machine cannot give you an item until you invest the money.
Throughout this interaction, you and the machine communicate directly with each other. There is no third party, like a trader, between the two of you.

Smart contracts work the same way. Therefore, the basic principles behind smart contracts are:

The two parties connected by a smart contract can communicate directly with each other.
Each step in a smart contract can only be performed after the previous step has been performed.

Including this simple innovation, the founder of Ethereum created a protocol in which users could communicate directly with dApps without going through a third party. Smart contracts in Ethereum allow the same, even though retailers buy “ether”. Buterin’s method uses a coded language called “strength.” Strength is a random programming language “Turing-Complete”, which means that as long as there are enough resources it should be able to solve any problem.


Ethereum smart contracts


This is why smart contracts need to have a “stop mechanism” that lets them know when to stop working. At Ethereum, smart contracts use a “Termination Fee”. Each line of code in the contract costs “gas”.

In order to execute a smart contract, the user must determine the gas limit before handing it over to Ethereum miners. If the gas limit is not sufficient to cover the contract, it will return to its original condition and the user must pay the miners a gas fee. Gas charges are paid in Ethereum’s parent currency called “Ether”.


What is Ether?


Many people make the mistake of assuming that Ethereum is the name of a cryptocurrency. Ethereum is actually the name of the project, while the local currency is called “Ether”. Ether has several utilities inside and outside the Ethereum ecosystem.

Some of its most important functions are:

Method of payment.
Warehouse of values.
Reward miners for their services.
Stake (in the near future).

Together with Ether, dApps built on the Ethereum platform can issue their own tokens and have their own unique tokenomics. On cryptocurrency exchanges and bitcoin wallets, Ether is referred to as “ETH”.

Like most altcoins, the value of Ether has varied significantly over the years. There are currently 107,545,404 ETHs circulating in the ecosystem. Ether reached a high of $ 1,432.88 on January 13, 2018 (according to coinmarketcap).


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Gambling with Ethereum


Of course, bettors need to ask themselves if you can use ether chips for gambling in online crypto casinos. The answer is yes – for sure. In fact, a certain segment of the gambling community believes that Ethereum is the future of cryptocurrency betting.

Remember how we told you about creating dApps at the top of the Ethereum blockchain? It turns out that many of them are gambling dApps. We will extract some statistics from DappRadar to show you some of the more popular dApps for gambling.

When we rank dApps according to the number of users they have attracted in the last 24 hours, then we can see that “X2BET.WIN” is by far the most popular dApp for gambling with 472 users.

When we rank by the amount of transactions in the last 24 hours: had a transaction of 350,400 USD in the last 24 hours.

In addition to dApps for gambling, some “traditional” online crypto casinos like Fortunejack, Stake,, mBit and 7Bit also accept Ether tokens.